Queenship of the Blessed Virgin Mary – August 22

Theotokos of Vladimir

Theotokos of Vladimir

The feast of the Queenship of the Blessed Virgin Mary was instituted by Pope Pius XII in the encyclical “Ad Coeli Reginam” on October 11, 1954. The purpose of the feast was “so that all may recognize more clearly and venerate more devoutly the merciful and maternal sway of the Mother of God. We are convinced that this feast will help to preserve, strengthen and prolong that peace among nations which daily is almost destroyed by recurring crises” (Ad Coeli Reginam).

The Queenship of Mary can be traced back to the Bible. At Annunciation, Archangel Gabriel tells Mary that her Son will be King and rule over the house of David forever.
As Jesus is the King, so Mary, his mother would be a Queen:

31 And now, you will conceive in your womb and bear a son, and you will name him Jesus. 32 He will be great, and will be called the Son of the Most High, and the Lord God will give to him the throne of his ancestor David. 33 He will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and of his kingdom there will be no end.” Luke 1:31-33

Mary’s Queenship is therefore a share in the Kingship of Jesus. Mary is a Queen by divine relationship as Mother of GOD, but she is subordinate to HIM. During the visitation, her cousin, Elizabeth addressed Mary with great reverence as “the Mother of My Lord”:

41 When Elizabeth heard Mary’s greeting, the child leaped in her womb. And Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit 42 and exclaimed with a loud cry, “Blessed are you among women, and blessed is the fruit of your womb. 43 And why has this happened to me, that the mother of my Lord comes to me? Luke 1:41-43

As far back as the fourth  century, St. Ephrem addressed the Blessed Virgin Mary as “Queen” and “Lady.” In time, the Church Fathers and Doctors continued with the use of this title to address Mary. Many songs and hymns of the 11th to 13th centuries would address Mary as Queen — “Hail, Holy Queen,” “Queen of Heaven. “In many ancient writings Mary was always given the title “Queen” or “Queen Mother.” Many ancient arts and icons depict the Blessed Mother as Queen, with crown. At Assumption, Mary was assumed to heaven and crowned Queen of Heaven and earth.

9. Hence it is not surprising that the early writers of the Church called Mary “the Mother of the King” and “the Mother of the Lord,” basing their stand on the words of St. Gabriel the archangel, who foretold that the Son of Mary would reign forever,[8] and on the words of Elizabeth who greeted her with reverence and called her “the Mother of my Lord.”[9] Thereby they clearly signified that she derived a certain eminence and exalted station from the royal dignity of her Son.”
Ad Caeli Reginam (On Proclaiming The Queenship Of Mary)
by Pope Pius XII

10. So it is that St. Ephrem, burning with poetic inspiration, represents her as speaking in this way: “Let Heaven sustain me in its embrace, because I am honored above it. For heaven was not Thy mother, but Thou hast made it Thy throne. How much more honorable and venerable than the throne of a king is her mother.”[10] And in another place he thus prays to her: “. . . Majestic and Heavenly Maid, Lady, Queen, protect and keep me under your wing lest Satan the sower of destruction glory over me, lest my wicked foe be victorious against me.”[11]

11. St. Gregory Nazianzen calls Mary “the Mother of the King of the universe,” and the “Virgin Mother who brought forth the King of the whole world,”[12] while Prudentius asserts that the Mother marvels “that she has brought forth God as man, and even as Supreme King.”[13]
Ad Caeli Reginam (On Proclaiming The Queenship Of Mary)
by Pope Pius XII

Some of the reasons given by Pope Pius XII as to why Mary deserves the title of Queenship include the fact that She is the Mother of GOD. In Greek, The Virgin Mary is given the highest title ever received by a human being, Theotokos, “The Bearer of GOD”. The Virgin Mary has intercessory power before the Father and Son. Mary, as the new Eve, is closely associated with Christ in his redemptive work. Apart from Jesus, Mary has the “highest degree of excellence and perfection” and She is also given enormous power in the  distribution of many graces. Mary is the Co-Redemptrix, Mediatrix and Advocate.

42. Besides, the Blessed Virgin possessed, after Christ, not only the highest degree of excellence and perfection, but also a share in that influence by which He, her Son and our Redeemer, is rightly said to reign over the minds and wills of men. For if through His Humanity the divine Word performs miracles and gives graces, if He uses His Sacraments and Saints as instruments for the salvation of men, why should He not make use of the role and work of His most holy Mother in imparting to us the fruits of redemption? “With a heart that is truly a mother’s,” to quote again Our Predecessor of immortal memory, Pius IX, “does she approach the problem of our salvation, and is solicitous for the whole human race; made Queen of heaven and earth by the Lord, exalted above all choirs of angels and saints, and standing at the right hand of her only a Son, Jesus Christ our Lord, she intercedes powerfully for us with a mother’s prayers, obtains what she seeks, and cannot be refused.”[56] On this point another of Our Predecessors of happy memory, Leo XIII, has said that an “almost immeasurable” power has been given Mary in the distribution of graces;[57] St. Pius X adds that she fills this office “as by the right of a mother.”[58]
(Ad Coeli Reginam).

We need to recognize the Queenship of Mary and consecrate ourselves and our families to her Immaculate Heart. Please click on the link  below for consecration to the Immaculate Heart:

 A Solemn Act of Con­se­cra­tion to the Immac­u­late Heart of Mary
by Ven­er­a­ble Pope Pius XII

For more information on Mary’s Queenship:
Ad Caeli Reginam (On Proclaiming The Queenship Of Mary) by Pope Pius XII

Fifth Marian Dogma


 Today’s Homily – 2013-08-22 – Fr. Mitch Pacwa SJ
– Queenship of Mary

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